September 19,2014

The Three Stages of a Financial Windfall

Imagine having the winning ticket to a $640M Powerball lottery. Not a chance in this world–but $640 million???? It’s nice to daydream about! You’ve won the lottery and are retreating into a corner to keep your own council for a while. So what happens now?

First, that numb feeling is your brain in shock.  You’re not alone. With a windfall like this coming at them, many people also feel like their life is no longer under their control. Some experts say that the greatest predictor for success in handling a financial windfall is how well we can deal with the intense emotions—the “wind” part resembling a hurricane. Second, delight shows up at last when you realize for the first time in your life, your finances have never looked better.  Then the roller coaster hits a trough when you realize the tax man will demand their fair share. The third and final stage: the shock is back, followed by frustration and anger.

So what do a surprising number of lucky winners do after this emotional rollercoaster? Jump on the computer. A simple Google search and—Bingo! There are many sites promoting brokers who will buy winning lottery tickets at a discount and “take care” of the taxes so that winners keep more of the original amount.  They’re called “Ten Percenters” and seem to be thriving, customer-wise.  Other sites sell losing tickets at a discounted rate to offset taxes from winning tickets.  We won’t be diving into the legal issues ofthese unscrupulous practices, but we’ll leave it at they are questionable at best and dealing with Ten Percenters is most likely not in your best interest.

 

Talley & Company has been serving a loyal tax clientele for over 25 years and has a wealth of experience helping our clients mitigate their tax burden when experiencing a financial windfall event.  Whether your windfall is from a tax return, an inheritance, a bonus, a sale of a home, or a prize, Talley & Company is here to help.

 

Sources: http://www.smartaboutmoney.org/Portals/0/ResourceCenter/FinancialWindfall.pdf

http://www.forbes.com/sites/robertwood/2014/08/08/money-for-losing-lottery-tickets-how-winners-losers-underground-brokers-beat-taxes/

 

September 12, 2014

Pacquiao Scores Tax Knock-Out in First Round Vs. Philippines

World-champion boxer Manny Pacquiao is definitely no stranger to pummeling opponents in the ring, but the famous boxer is going for the knockout in a long-running tax dispute with the Philippine government. The fighter is in a battle with the Philippine tax authorities over 2.2 billion pesos ($50.3 million) they claim the national icon owes for his 2008 and 2009 earnings from bouts held in the U.S.

Pacquiao and his managers say he paid the taxes he owed to the U.S., and that because of a treaty agreement between the two countries, he isn’t subject to double taxation. The boxer is neither a U.S. resident or citizen, but the U.S. has special regulations requiring foreign athletes who work in the U.S. to file taxes. That U.S.-based work can entail anything from participating in a tournament to taking part in endorsement deals.

According to the Philippine tax office, Pacquiao has not provided them the official, certified paperwork it requires to demonstrate proof of his U.S. tax payments. Meanwhile, the fighter’s promoters, Las-Vegas-based Top Rank, say the documents have been requested but just haven’t come through yet.

Prior to the recent Supreme Court ruling, the Philippines Bureau of Internal Revenue issued a warrant to 36 banks to seize Pacquiao’s assets, some of which included his wife’s accounts. Based on the news report on the latest Supreme Court ruling, the Philippine government also threatened to take the money owed by selling off the assets it seized. Later the tax court agreed to lift the asset freeze on the condition Pacquiao posted the cash bond equivalent to their claim to back taxes and interest.

There’s still a long way to go before Pacquiao, who also happens to be a congressman representing the Sarangani province, takes home the championship belt on this one. But with the new Supreme Court ruling on his side, he said in a statement, “For now, I am just glad I will be able to concentrate on training for my upcoming bout.”

Pacquiao’s relief is expected. Having to resolve a tax dispute with the authorities, Philippine or U.S., can divert precious attention from athletes trying to stay on top of their game and business owners who have daily operations to manage. The paperwork and back-and-forth communications can take weeks, months or years to clear, all of which requires time, patience and specialized expertise even the most knowledgeable business leaders are unlikely to have. Having an experienced tax advisory team in the ring with you should you be subject to a tax inquiry can be a life saver to this otherwise brutal experience. Just don’t wait for a letter from the IRS before you put your team together.

September 4, 2014

Kids Cost More Than Ever to Raise—Here’s How Much

If you ever had the distinct impression that your kids were costing you a fortune, you can feel good knowing that you were right. According to the USDA’s annual Expenditures on Children by Families report, a child born in 2013 will cost the average middle-income, two-parent family more than $245,000 to raise until the age of 18, representing a 1.8 percent increase from 2012. Adjusted for projected inflation, that number is more like $304,000.

If you make more, you’re also probably spending more. The report estimates that high-income households, or those earning over $106,540 in before-tax income, spend about $408,000 per child. For a two-child household, that’s between $21,330 and $25,700 per kid every year, depending on the age of the child. (You may have already have guessed this, but annual expenditures generally increase as the age of the child does.)

The more kids a family has, the less they spend on each one. Families with three or more kids spend 22 percent less per child than those with two kids, and families with one child spend an average of 25 percent more on the only child than those with two kids.

Where does all that money go? The largest share of total child-rearing expenses across all income levels in the USDA’s calculations is housing. For high-income earners, housing represented 33 percent of total child-rearing expenses. Where you live matters, too, since housing costs vary across the U.S. Those in the urban Northeast spend the most to raise a child ($282,480), and those in the urban South the least ($230,610). The urban West, which includes California, runs somewhat down the middle ($261,330). The second-largest expense for high-income households was child care and education, coming in at 23 percent. Generally, the higher the income, the greater the expenditure was in this category.

The USDA’s report also accounts for food, healthcare and transportation, among other things. What it doesn’t include are expenses incurred during pregnancy or those incurred after the age of 18, such as college. Add those into the mix and sure enough, there’s plenty of proof that raising kids isn’t cheap.

Thankfully, the joys that accompany parenthood far exceed their costs in mere dollars and cents. These numbers simply remind us that the arrival of a new child or grandchild into our lives can mark a pivot point to how we manage our finances. From the moment they’re born, new considerations and opportunities arise that should involve your tax and legal advisory team. For example, you may decide to re-strategize your tax position, initiate or make changes to life insurance and estate plans, or open up a college savings plan.

To be certain you’re taking advantage of as many savings opportunities as possible, meet regularly with experienced tax and financial professionals as your children grow and your family’s needs do, too.

August 29, 2014

More People Than Ever May Relinquish Their U.S. Passports This Year

The Treasury Department just published its latest quarterly report revealing the names of people who have given up their U.S. citizenship or long-term residency. On the list were 577 individuals, bringing the 2014 total so far to 1,577. This mid-year total puts us on pace to exceed last year’s numbers, which hit a record-breaking 2,999 individuals, already a 221% jump from 2012.

Short of asking them outright, we can’t know why those on the list chose to leave, but we might infer that taxes could have been at least one of the factors calculated into their decision-making process. That’s because the U.S. requires citizens and green-card holders to file tax returns no matter where they live. So depending on where expats reside, they may be required to pay taxes in the country in which they live and work while also paying the U.S. government.

The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act could also be influencing some taxpayers to leave their passports behind. The law took effect this year and requires foreign financial institutions to report account information to the U.S., both for U.S. citizens and green-card holders living in the U.S. and abroad.

In 2012, Facebook co-founder Edward Sevarin was one of the recognizable names who renounced his U.S. citizenship. He headed for Singapore before the Facebook IPO, a move that undoubtedly reduced his tax bill since Singapore doesn’t impose a capital gains tax and has a low 18% tax rate. In 2013, American music icon Tina Turner was also on the list, though she has already been living in Switzerland for the last two decades with her boyfriend and now-husband Erwin Bach, a German music producer.

Individuals aren’t the only ones looking to expatriate. Walgreens, the largest pharmacy retailer in the U.S., considered an inversion from U.S. to Swiss corporate citizenship to cut down on tax obligations. But in this month’s announcement of the company’s decision against it, Walgreens’ chief executive Gregory Wasson told analysts the change “included potentially putting the company in a significantly worse position than if we had not inverted at all, such as a protracted controversy with the IRS.” He also acknowledged the risk of “consumer backlash and political ramifications,” referring to boycotting threats by consumers and the potential loss of almost a quarter of the company’s sales derived from Medicare and Medicaid.

The decision to expatriate should never be taken lightly, and taxes should never be the sole factor in consideration. There are not only indirect costs to giving up residency in one of the world’s greatest nations but direct ones as well, including the exit tax. Fortunately, there are many, many strategies for reducing personal and corporate tax liabilities. By planning well ahead of tax day and working strategically with experienced professionals, we can all save money on our taxes without having to give up our citizenship or green cards. 

July 25, 2014
Crowdfunding is helping thousands of businesses acquire much-needed capital and build a core fan base. Businesses of all kinds and for many funding purposes are using crowdfunding platforms, from yoga studios looking to grow into larger spaces to tech innovators wanting to bring new gadgets to market.
If you’re considering a campaign to launch your business, expand a product line, or fund a special project, scheduling a few minutes with Talley and Company’s advisory team can ensure your campaign is set up properly from the start to avoid obstacles from a tax and legal perspective. (There’s nothing worse than obtaining hard-earned funding only to discover that federal and state tax obligations may keep you from fulfilling your vision.)
For businesses, there are two main avenues for crowdfunding, and depending on which you choose, the tax and legal implications will differ greatly. In the rewards-based approach, supporters are typically offered a chance to earn tiered rewards for different contribution levels. These can be anything from a branded T-shirt to pre-ordering a product still in development. Kickstarter and Indiegogo are two popular platforms.
With this option, the income you derive from your campaign will most likely fall under one or more of four categories: revenue, sales, investment or gift. In most cases, the money you earn from a campaign will have to be included as gross income for your business. If you’re offering a product or service in exchange for donations, you may also need to pay sales tax from customers in the state that you’re registered. The expenses you incur for fulfillment of rewards, products or services may be deductible against the income you earn. In some cases, funders will request nothing in return other than the joy of knowing they helped bring an ingenious idea to life. With meticulous records, these may be claimed as gifts. Just keep in mind that the IRS has stricter definitions for what falls under this category than you or I might.
In the equity-based approach, investors get a financial return or an ownership stake in the company for their support. Crowdfunder is one of the platforms in this newly developing category. If you’re using this option, the tax and legal obligations are a different animal entirely, since now we’re talking about investment money and not revenue. In fact, the laws in this area are still undergoing changes, so keeping in close contact with your legal team right from the beginning is essential.
No matter which option you choose, a successful campaign involves a lot of forethought, time and planning to reach funding goals and generate priceless media attention for your big idea. If you’d like to see the creative strategies and executions used by the most highly funded companies, check out the Top 100 Crowdfunded Companies
May 9, 2014
Last week’s sanctions by the NBA against Donald Sterling-prompted by a recording of him running afoul with a string of racist remarks-were both definitive and sweeping. NBA Commissioner Adam Silver banned Sterling for life, and almost in the same breath pressed for the league’s owners to force him to sell the team. At least three-quarters of the league’s owners (22 of the total 29, not counting Sterling himself) would have to agree to be able to drive him out.
Should this minimum vote be reached, Sterling will pay more than just the maximum $2.5 million fine imposed by the NBA for violating its rules. Next to the capital gains taxes Sterling might owe from a sale, the $2.5 million will shrink in comparison. Of course, how big his check to the IRS might be will depend on the team’s ultimate selling price.
Sports analysts and mainstream media are estimating the Clippers could go for anywhere from $575 million to $1 billion or even more. Not only is ownership a profitable investment with growth expected to shoot upward still, but the prestige that comes with being part of the elite owners club could set off an all-out bidding war among the billionaire set. Already, Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Oprah Winfrey (with partners Larry Ellison and David Geffen) have reportedly voiced interest, among others.
If the Clippers sell at the $1 billion mark, federal capital gains would come in at 20 percent and state at 13.3 percent. Since Sterling purchased the team for $12.5 million back in 1981, capital gains would take $329 million right from the top of his $987.5 million profit. That would leave Sterling and his heirs with $671 million.
There’s no arguing that this would be a mega-return on Sterling’s investment but if he were able to keep the ball in his court by passing ownership on to heirs after his death, he could avoid the $329 million in capital gains entirely. That’s because his heirs would benefit from a step-up basis, requiring them to pay capital gains only on any increase in value from the time they received ownership to the time they sold.
There are other factors at play here, too. Because Sterling is no stranger to litigation, we can reasonably assume that he will fight the NBA to try and stop a forced sale. Should he lose that battle, he may take the IRS to court and argue that under IRS Code 1033 he doesn’t have to pay capital gains because the sale is an “involuntary conversion.”
Even with the many variables and complexities of this situation, it’s easy to see the massive impact capital gains taxes can make on an investment. To learn more about how capital gains taxes can affect your personal or business assets, contact Talley and Company today.
April 4, 2014
With only days left to file before the April 15th deadline, a lot of taxpayers are wondering whether they’ll be audited. The 2013 Data Book issued by the IRS is just the place to find the odds, which not surprisingly, go up as your income or business’s balance sheets do. This year’s report shows 1.0% of all individual returns were audited, but for those with income between $200k and $1 million that number grew to 1.4% and then jumped to 10.8% for income of $1 million or more. Approximately 1.4% of corporate returns were audited overall, but the rate ticked upward fast according to balance sheets, hitting up to 91.2% for corporations with $20 billion or more.
The IRS acknowledged in the report that ongoing budget constraints contributed to a 5% decline in audits between FY 2013 and 2012. Approximately 1.4 million individuals were audited, the lowest number since FY 2008. That’s good news for filers, right? Not necessarily. Here are three trends we’re seeing based on our experience representing hundreds of taxpayers and businesses:
Auditors’ Ability to Understand Complicated Tax Issues is Compromised –   Taxpayers aren’t the only ones challenged with navigating the 4,838 changes in tax code since 2001; its enforcers are, too. Do more with less, a mantra entrepreneurs of growing companies understand well, is one IRS auditors are also coming to terms with as a result of budget constraints.
Quality of Documentation Matters More Than Ever – Whether this is the IRS’ attempt to improve audit efficiency or reduce errors, we can’t know for sure. But the impression we’re getting is that auditors are adhering closely to a checklist of requirements, whether that list includes items actually required by regulations or not.
Auditors Don’t Always Understand How a Business Operates – We’ve seen auditors object to businesses with more than one landline and even deny deductions for businesses that reimburse salespeople for taking clients to lunch. What seems universal to us still needs to be defended to the IRS.
If you do get a notice of an examination, you don’t have to go it alone. Talley and Company’s tax and legal professionals can guide you through the process. We can submit requested documentation per an auditor’s preferred format, advocate for legitimate deductions taken by businesses in your specific industry, and go toe to toe with auditors through every inch of the tax code. Just remember that if the IRS comes calling you, you can call us.
Apparently Warren Buffett, known for his uncanny foresight into financial markets, is not thinking too much about the big football game this Sunday.  Buffet, currently ranked 4th on Forbes’ list of top billionaires with an estimated worth of $53 billion, wants to make you an offer most would at least consider – he’ll give you $1 billion for a perfect March Madness bracket.
As reported by Forbes, Buffett and his company, Berkshire Hathaway, are offering the heaping cash prize to any person who can pick the correct winners of all 63 games in this year’s NCAA men’s basketball tournament.  The $1 billion will be paid in either 40 annual installments or a lump sum payment of just a half billion dollars. The odds of winning are said to be 1 in 4,394,967,296.  Considering March Madness never fails to provide basketball fans upsets and Cinderella stories, anyone experienced in filling out a bracket would probably agree the staggering odds sound just about right. But enough about the odds, how about the taxes?
Let’s get this out of the way quickly – you are going to owe Uncle Sam A LOT of money. Forbes ran a quick estimate and here are their numbers- a single filer would pay about $394,213.920 in federal taxes on the $1 billion or $197,955,348 if they took the lump sum. While the highest tax bracket for 2014 currently stands at 39.6% and kicks in on income north of $406,750, the U.S. income tax system is progressive, which means that billionaires pay the same amount of taxes on the first $9,075 as everybody else and so on. As far as deductions go, the majority of deductions and credits available to the average tax filer would be unavailable at the prize-winning income level.  While complaining about taxes is something of a national pastime these days, winning a $1 billion dollar prize might ease the pain.
Talley & Company offers a broad spectrum of services to fulfill the needs of high net worth individuals, entrepreneurially driven companies and their owners. Whether you are considering an M&A transaction or experiencing a financial windfall event, the professionals at Talley & Company can make the most of both your earnings and winnings.
Source: Forbes.com Jan. 21, 2014 

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